Travellers Essentials

Official Name

The Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka


National Emblem


A National Emblem essentially symbolizes a nation. As a British Crown Colony Sri Lanka used the British Emblem and continued to use it even after the attainment of its independence in the year 1948. A new Republican emblem was chosen after the Country was declared a Republican on 22nd May 1972.



Lowlands – Tropical
Central Hills – Cooler with temperatures dropping to 14 c
The Southwest monsoon brings rain to the Western, Southern and Central regions from May – July. While the North- Eastern monsoon occurs in the North & East in December and January. Sri Lanka has a good climate for holiday makers throughout the year.



21 Million


Ethnic Groups

Sinhala, Tamil, Moor, Malay & Burghers


National Flower

Als Nationalblume wurde diese Seerosenart bezeichnet.

Since the year 1986, the ‘Nil Mahanel ‘ has been the national flower of Sri Lanka. The botanical name of this flower is “Nymphaea Stellata” and is found in all parts of the country.


National Bird

The National Bird of Sri Lanka is the Wali Kukula or the Ceylon Jungle fowl which is the most common bird found in the national parks and forests.

National Flag


The National Flag of Sri Lanka symbolizes the country’s culture and heritage and embodies the spirit of nationality of its people. It also represents the four virtues of kindness, friendliness, happiness and equanimity. Each element on the National Flag has a distinctive symbolic significance.



Sri Jayawardenapura (Administrative)
Colombo (Commercial)


Geographical Location

Sri Lanka, an island in the Indian Ocean is located to the south of the Indian subcontinent. It lies between 5O 55′ and 9O 55′ north of the equator and between the eastern longitudes 79O 42′ and 81O 52′. The total land area is 65,610 sq. km. and is astonishingly varied. The country has maximum Length of 432 km (Devundara to Point Peduru) and maximum width of 224 km (Colombo to Sangamankanda).
Total Extent of Land – 65,610 km.


Religious Groups

Buddhism, Hinduism, Christianity, Islam.



Sri Lanka follows decimal currency system in Rupees (Rs) and Cents (Cts) with 100 Cents equal to a Rupee. Currency notes are available in the denominations of Rupees 10, 20, 50, 100, , 500, 1000, 2000 and 5000. Coins are issued in value of Cents 1,2,5,10,25 and 50 and Rupees 1,2,5 and 10.


National Tree


Na Tree is the national tree of Sri Lanka because of the country’s close association with the tree for centuries both socially and culturally. The Na tree has its origins in Sri Lanka itself.

Time Zone

Sri Lanka Standard Time ( UTC/GMT+ 5:30 Hours)