Mulkirigala Rock Temple is situated in Hambanthota District of Southern province. The Rock is rises about 676 feet from the surrounding plan.There are seven cave temples situated in five Terraced areas of different altitudes.
Mulkirigala temple is considered to be one of the 64 temples constructed by King Kawantissa in 3rd Century BC. The Chetiya at Uppermost Terrace is considered to house Lord Buddha relics offered by the King Saddhatissa. According to Historical manuscripts, King Mahanaga, King Kawantissa, King Dutugemunu, King Parakramabahu the Great, King Saddhatissa, King Valagamba, King Jetta Tissa I, King Parakramabahu I are credited with construction work of the temple during their rein.
The temples remaining at present belongs to the Kandyan era and the Buddha images and many cave paintings depicts magnificent examples of Kandyan era arts and crafts. Mulkirigala Rock Temple is one of the few ‘Raja Maha Vihara’ found out of the then Kandyan Kingdom. King Keerthi Sri Rajasinghe (1747 AD) gave his patronage to reconstruct this temple after it being neglected for centuries since the rein of the Parakramabahu the Great.