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The Aluvihare Rock Temple

The Aluvihare Rock Temple 30 km south of Kandy on the Matale-Dambulla road is having a great historic importance. The history of Aluvihara is traced back to the 3rd Century B.C. in the reign of King Devanampiyatissa.Aluvihare is one of the most important cultural sites in Sri Lanka.It was believed to be, Buddhist doctrines were first recorded on Ola leaves after passing through orally, here in the 1st century BC, during the reign of King Vattagamini Abaya.This Dhamma record is known as 'Thripitakaya' and to day it is concern as main guiding Dhamma book of Theravada Buddhism.Aluvihare is significant for the huge rocks which leads to classified it as a rock temple.

Nalanda Gedige

Nalanda Gedige is an ancient complete stone building near Matale. This building was an ancient Hindu Temple constructed in between 8th to10th century with Dravidian architecture and then believe to have been used by Buddhists.

Dambulla – Golden Rock Temple

Dambulla had been a famous cave-dwelling since several centuries before Christ. This overhanging rock located about 120 meters above the surrounding plain said to have had seventy three caves in its cluster. In the eleventh and twelfth centuries Dambulla temple has seen some improvements with royal patronage. The last revival of the present temple complex took place during the reign of King Kirti Sri Rajasinha of Kandy. Several image houses including Dev Raja Vihare, Maha Raja Vihare, Pas Pilima Vihare and Alut Vihare swere completed at this revival. The entire cave temple complex has exquisite murals covering 2000 m2 and 161 statues of different figures in various postures resembling a mixture of religious and secular sculptures. Dambulla Cave Temples was declared a World Heritage Site in 1991 by the UNESCO.

Sigiriya Abode of the God King

Sigiriya is an enormous 360 meter high-rock converted to a fortress by the parricidal King Kashyapa I, who reigned for 18 years between 477 and 495 A. D. He cleared the rock summit and built his palace as an abode of God King. Simultaneously, the surrounding lands of the rock transformed into a Royal Pleasure Garden with pools and shallow serpentine streams paved with marble kerbs. Underground channels and cross channels were built to supply water under pressure to fountains operating in a simple principle of gravity and pressure. To have access to the summit at the ground level he built a stair case in the form of a lion and the protective wall on the mid way finished with glistening surface had been used by the visitors to record their graffiti in the form of Sinhala verses. Out of the world famous frescoes similar to those of Ajanta caves in India now survive about twenty one. Considering the entire Sigiriya complex as one unique creation the UNESCO declared World Heritage Site in 1982.

Nuwara Eliya

Nuwara Eliya was ‘discovered’ by a British hunting party in 1819. Later in 1846 Sir Samuel Baker, a well-known explorer converted it to his home town, in the fashion of an English country town. This picturesque destination is in the heart of the tea country is of approximately 6000 ft. elevation from the mean sea level with cold and intoxicatingly fresh air blowing from surrounding mountain ranges.

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